Textile antibacterial agent development process
Textile antibacterial agent development history
In recent years, with the gradual improvement of living standards, people have paid more and more attention to the hygienic performance of textiles and pursued a clean and comfortable living environment. Microorganisms have a very close relationship with people's daily lives, and pathogenic microorganisms can cause great harm to people's health, such as the hospital's cross-infection caused by methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in Japan and pathogenic Escherichia coli. Food poisoning, Britain's "mad cow disease" and "oral hooves", the United States "carbon sickness" and the severe respiratory infection disease "SARS" and its subsequent bird flu in 2003, both infectious diseases and pathogens Microorganisms have a direct relationship, so people began to study how to isolate, inhibit, and eradicate these pathogenic microorganisms. Antimicrobial processing technology came into being.
Textiles are one of the important media in the spread of pathogens. Giving textiles an antibacterial function is an important means of upgrading their performance. This not only cuts the way for bacteria to spread and reproduce, but also prevents odors caused by the bacteria's decomposition of dirt on textiles. The use of antibacterial textiles is an ideal choice in terms of the prevention of diseases and the promotion of healthy and relaxed lifestyles. The purpose of antibacterial for textiles is to control the growth and reproduction of bacteria, fungi, and molds so as to solve the odors, stains, and health problems caused by them. In a wide variety of microorganisms, both harmful and beneficial microorganisms control harmful microorganisms. At the same time, it must be taken into account that the measures taken do not affect the microorganisms outside the target, nor do they contribute to the adaptability of the microorganisms to drugs.
In general, in order to more accurately reflect its function, people are accustomed to call it an antibacterial (anti-odor) finishing agent or an antibacterial finishing agent. The use of textiles to give textiles antibacterial, anti-mildew, deodorant, and maintain clean and healthy functions. Ensure people's safety and health and comfort, reduce the cross-infection rate of the public safety environment, so that textiles get new features of health care. Japan, the United States, Europe, and China have each established their own textile antibacterial standards system. However, due to the different standards in different countries, the manufacturers have not been given a wait, and to a certain extent, it also affects the international trade of antibacterial products. In 2007, the International Organization for Standardization officially released ISO20743-2007. The issuance of this standard marks the birth of the first internationally universal textile antibacterial testing method.
Existing antibacterial quantitative test and analysis methods (such as AATCC100, JIS L1902), antibacterial qualitative analysis methods (BS 6085, AATCC30, SNV 195921) and other relevant standards.